But no. Not one single person ever met the minimum criteria for scientifically-admissible evidence; in fact, very few psychics even took the bait. A few of them said they wouldn't put themselves in the situation of having to demonstrate their ability in a situation where Randi's "atmosphere of suspicion and distrust" would interfere with the psychic resonant energy fields (or whatever), but most of them wisely decided to stay silent on the matter and ignore the challenge completely.
And it worked. Being a psychic is as lucrative as ever.
Of course, since what the psychics do is make predictions, we don't even need Randi's method to check and see if there's anything to their claims; we can merely look back at the yearly predictions, and see what percentage of them were correct -- and if that hit rate exceeds what we'd expect from pure chance.
Which is exactly what a group of skeptics in Australia did. The Great Australian Psychic Prediction Project, which just announced their results last week, analyzed 3,800 predictions made in the past twenty years by 207 self-styled psychics, and put each into one of five categories:
- Expected (such as Simon Turnbull's prediction in 2000 that "one area that is going to do fantastic stuff is the internet, specifically areas like shopping.")
- Too vague to call (such as Sarah Yip's statement in October 2020, "Who will win the U.S. election? … the numerology shows that both Mr. Trump and Mr. Biden have a chance of winning the next U.S. presidential election. It is still up to the people to decide.")
- Unknown/unverifiable (the smallest category, comprising only a little over two percent of the candidate claims)
- Flat-out wrong (my favorite of those is Sarah Kulkens's 2007 claim that "Using anti-gravity to lift heavy objects will become a reality instead of a dream.")
The results are interesting, to say the least. The "flat-out wrong" category amounted to 53% of the total, which doesn't seem too bad until you look only at the claims that were either verifiable and correct, or verifiable and wrong -- at which point the "wrong" category balloons to 83%.
Not a very impressive showing.
This gets even worse when you consider the major world events that every one of the 207 psychics involved in the study missed entirely. These included:
- the 9/11 attacks
- the 2003 burn-up on reentry of the space shuttle Columbia
- the 2004 earthquake and tsunami in the Indian Ocean that killed over 200,000 people
- the 2011 Fukushima earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster
- Notre Dame Cathedral burning down in 2019
- the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic
You'd think that events of this magnitude would have caused at least a small disturbance in The Force, or whatever the hell they claim is happening, but no. The psychics were as caught off guard as the rest of us.
I'm all for keeping an open mind about things, but at some point you have to conclude that a complete absence of hard evidence means there's nothing there to see. On one hand, I understand why people want psychic abilities to be real; it gives some kind of plan or pattern to what seems otherwise like a chaos-riddled reality. But as my grandma used to tell me, "Wishin' don't make it so." I've never found that the universe is under any obligation to conform to what I'd like to be true.
Or, as science writer and novelist Ann Druyan said, much more eloquently:
[Science] is a never-ending lesson in humility. The vastness of the universe—and love, the thing that makes the vastness bearable—is out of reach to the arrogant. This cosmos only fully admits those who listen carefully for the inner voice reminding us to remember we might be wrong. What’s real must matter more to us than what we wish to believe. But how do we tell the difference?
I know a way to part the curtains of darkness that prevent us from having a complete experience of nature. Here it is, the basic rules of the road for science: Test ideas by experiment and observation. Build on those ideas that pass the test. Reject the ones that fail. Follow the evidence wherever it leads. And question everything, including authority.